So Michal Danzer just pushed some patches to enable using glamor from within the xf86-video-ati driver. As a quick recap, glamor is a generic Xorg driver library that translates the 2D requests used to render X into OpenGL commands. The argument being then that the driver teams need only concentrate on bringing up the OpenGL stack and gain a functioning display server in the process. The counter argument is that this compromise in saving engineering time penalises the performance of the display server.
To highlight that last point, we can look at the performance of the intel driver with and without glamor, and rendering directly with OpenGL:
The centre baseline is the performance of simply using the CPU and pixman to render, above that we are faster and below slower. The first bar is the performance of using OpenGL directly, in theory this should provide the best performance of all, only being limited by hardware. Sadly, the graph shows the stark reality that undermines using glamor – one needs an OpenGL driver that has been optimized for 2D usage in order to maximise GPU performance with the Xorg workload. Note the areas where glamor does better than the direct usage in cairo-gl? This is where glamor itself attempts to mitigate against poor buffer managment in the driver.
Enter a different GPU and a different driver. The whole balance of CPU to GPU power shifts along with the engineering focus. Everything changes.
Taking a look at the same workloads on the same computer, but using the discrete Radeon HD5770 rather than the integrated processor graphics:
Perhaps the first thing that we notice is the raw power of the discrete graphics as exposed by using OpenGL directly from within cairo. Secondly, we notice the lack luster performance of the existing EXA driver for the Radeon chipset – remember everything below the lines implies that the GPU driver in Xorg is behaving worse than could be achieved just through client-side sowftware rendering, that using RENDER acceleration is nothing of the sort. And then our attention turns to the newcomer, glamor on radeon. It is still notably much slower than both the CPU and using OpenGL directly. However, it is of very similar performance to the existing EXA driver, sometimes slower, sometimes faster (if you look at the relative x11perf, then it reveals some areas where the EXA driver could do major improvements).
Not bad for the first patch with an immature library, and demonstrates that glamor can be used to reduce the development cost of bringing up a new chipset – yet does not reach the full potential of the system. Judging by the last graph, one does wonder whether glamor is even preferable to using xf86-video-modesetting in such cases, on a high performance multicore system, for the time being, at least.😉